Rezension

Business ethics – case studies and selected readings (Marianne M. Jennings)

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In this sixth edition of the book the author, who also wrote The Seven Signs of Ethical Collapse, compiled and analysed 116 case studies, while also provided a further information about the topic in selected readings. The topics inspect the relations between corporations, public, governments, as well as employees and employer dynamics. Author also supplies discussion questions after each case study, to make reader truly consider the situation.

ETHICAL v/s LEGAL

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CC-by-sa ethify.org & literature

 Wall Street Ethics. Millions of people worldwide are involved in trading almost $5.3 trillion per day at the market, but has anyone ever pondered over how much profit does the investment banks make? Let alone this, how much turnover do you actually make? Is it 50%? If yes, then you are outperforming the average profit of almost 76% of the traders worldwide. In this scenario if you realize that the bank initiating the investment is making 100% profit quarterly by trading your money, how would you feel? This is not fiction it’s based on facts. Do you feel cheated?

DILEMMAS IN LIFE

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CC-by-sa ethify.org & literature

The author has different take on the values represented in our society. In the book, the author has written about a lot of theories. According to the Divine Command Theory, the resolution of the dilemmas is based upon religious beliefs. Ethical dilemmas are resolved according to tenets of faith, such as the Ten Commandments for the Jewish and  Christian faiths. Central to this theory is that decisions in ethical dilemmas are made on the basis of guidance from a divine being.

Importance of morality

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Summary of chapter 'Individual morality in organisations' from ',Managing Values and Beliefs in Organisations' by Tom McEwan

The summarised chapter can be divided into 2 main parts. First one study the influence of morality on the ethical studies. Second one show how great is the influence of moralities, and gives us examples of problems, as a result of them.

We feed the world

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„Die Botschaft ist: wir müssen anders leben. Wir können so sicher nicht weiterleben. Wir müssen anders leben, wir müssen anders essen, anders einkaufen, wir müssen andere Filme anschauen.“
(Erwin Wagenhofer auf http://www.we-feed-the-world.at/team_interview.htm#head13)

Einführung in die Wirtschaftsethik

Einführung in die Wirtschaftsethik
von Karl Homann und Christoph Lütge

In den ersten 2 Kapiteln beschreiben Homann und Lütge in ihrem Buch die wichtigsten Begriffe und Theorietypen der Ethik. Danach folgt ein Kapitel, welches über ein zweifaches Verständnis von Wirtschaftsethik, sowie deren Abhängigkeit zu einem zweifachen Verständnis der Ökonomik skizziert und das präferierte hervorhebt. In den letzten Kapiteln werden theoretische Optionen skizziert, die der Wirtschaftsethik zur Klärung des Problems von Marktwirtschaft und Ethik offen stehen.

Welche Werte hat der Autor im Sinn?
• Gerechtigkeit
• Umsicht
• Balance
• Kooperation
• Fairness
• Zufriedenheit

Czech Dream

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Český sen / Czech dream

movie summary:

Czech Dream is the Czech documentary film, which premiered in February 2004.
The feature film about the preparation of an advertising campaign and opening hypermarket, which did not really exist.
The event was implemented by two film students, who hired an advertising agency to do a new advertising for new hypermarket called "Czech Dream" for them. They filmed and documented the whole preparation and conduct advertising campaigns and eventually crowd about 3,000 customers who came in Saturday, May 31, 2003 to a car park Letňany.

Wem gehört das Wasser

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The documentation “Wem gehört das Wasser” telecasted by the WDR discusses the handling and distribution of the water resources on earth. The documentation considers how the company Nestlé operates in different countries. Nestlé was chosen due to its global dimensions and is standing representative for many other big companies. In the selected countries, either the access of the population on drinking water is limited for example in Africa or there is a negative influence on the nature. In both cases it is also considered if the auctions are legal or against the law.

Why Managers Make Bad Decision

Why managers make a bad ethical choices? They try to do get more customers, make more profit and being a best manager. They believe that the activity is within reasonable ethical and legal limits – thats not “ really ” illegal or immoral. There is a line between right and wrong. In this line you are between your conscience and the corporation's benefit. In the business game if you want to be a winner you must be playing like a winner.

European Business

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European Business is a book written by Simon Mercado, Richard Welford and Kate Prescott. Their aim is to raise the key issues facing European business today and to evaluate some of the strategic and operational responses to European’s evolving environment. Authors seem to be positive towards changes in European Union’s market. They believe that operational flexibility and innovation could be important to the future development and competitiveness of European companies. They also emphasise how crucial is to take account of cultural nuances in order to avoid expensive mistakes.

The Business of Europe is Politics. Business Opportunity, Economic Nationalism and the Decaying Atlantic Alliance

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“The Business of Europe is Politics” by  Dimitris N. Chorafas, is a book that describes the particular nature of the European mixture of business and politics, it explains how that mix influences trade and relationships between continental Europe and the UK with USA, Russia and Asia. Dr Chorafas explains and heavily critiques organization and practices of European Union, conflicting interests in the Europe and its lack of any business plan.

Unser täglich Brot

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Unser täglich Brot - Ein Film von Nikolaus Geyrhalter

 

Bilder sagen mehr als tausend Worte. Diese Metapher trifft auf die Dokumentation „unser täglich Brot“ voll und ganz zu. Es sind bewegende Bilder, die von den Produzenten genutzt werden – denn sie sollen zum Umdenken bewegen. Sprachliche Erklärungen sind nicht notwendig um den Handlungsbedarf aufzuzeigen. Die Bilder und teils die Geräusche, denen die Arbeiter ausgesetzt sind, sind Erklärung genug. Durch fehlende Kommentare ist es jedem möglich, sich selbst ein Bild davon zu machen, ohne sich von anderen Fakten ablenken zu lassen.

International Management Ethics - A Critical, Cross-cultural Perspective (Terence Jackson)

When comparing ethical attitudes one could simply come to the conclusion that one country may be more ethical than another. But for supposing this one would also have to assume that there are global ethical principles which apply to all countries. 

Therefore, in order to compare two countries a better approach is to take a look at what is considered to be ethical by managers and staff in specific countries.
Furthermore some questions can help to understand ethics in different countries:

Was man für Geld nicht kaufen kann (Michael J. Sander)

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Ohne es richtig zu bemerken wurden wir von einer Markwirtschaft zu einer Marktgesellschaft. Einer Marktwirtschaft ist ein Werkzeug zur produktiven Tätigkeit. Wohingegen eine Marktgesellschaft eine Lebensweise ist, in welcher die Werte des Marktes in alle Lebensbereiche mit eingestrickt ist.

Heutzutage gibt es fast nichts mehr, was nicht durch Geld erworben werden kann. Sei es, ein Baby von einer Leihmutter austragen zu lassen, bessere medizinische Versorgung oder einen Platz an einer Universität. All diese Dinge sind für uns schon zur Normalität geworden, ohne uns darüber großartige Gedanken gemacht zu haben. Dabei sollten wir uns einmal die Frage stellen, ob es für uns moralisch in Ordnung ist, dass bestimmte Werte zur Gütern geworden sind?

Ein guter Tag hat 100 Punkte

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Noch ein Buch über Nachhaltigkeit? Kennen wir denn nicht schon alle klimafreundlichen Tipps?

Thomas Weber wurde vom Residenz Verlag angefragt, ein Buch über eine bessere Welt zu schreiben. Als Herausgeber des Biorama Magazins und von THE GAP hat er einen guten Überblick über die Szene und er geht Themen erfrischend an. Die im Herbst 2014 erschienene Publikation wurde vielfach schon besprochen, zuletzt sogar im PAGE Magazin. Daher gehe ich hier auf einige spezielle Aspekte ein.

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