## Business Ethics for IT
Lecturer: Dr. Roland Alton
Given at University of Applied Sciences
## Lesson 1 - March 3
* Introduction *
We are talking about value sets, lifestyles and the economy.
Where are our beliefs and values come from: https://ethify.org/content/tugenden (german only)
English: recommended book: Jennings M.: Business Ethics (2012), Unit 1 p10-17
We go through the Nine Ethify Values as an example for a value set: http://ethify.org/en/content/values
We look at how to measure wealth und happiness.
How happy is a country? http://happyplanetindex.org/
Task 1 until March 10: Analyse your ecological footprint e.g. here https://footprint.wwf.org.uk/#/
Task 2 until March 10: Analyse how 3 companies behave. Choose one of the platforms:
ETHICALCONSUMER http://www.ethicalconsumer.org/ethicalcompanyratings.aspx (in English)
ETHICS BY DESIGN: Wisdom in seven minutes (choose 3 from https://www.ethicalsystems.org/ethicsbydesign small videos in the middle)
Task 3 until March 31: Choose either
- a book from the literature list http://ethify.org/content/anhang#Literatur
- an article from one of the issues of Ökologisch Wirtschaften https://www.oekologisches-wirtschaften.de/index.php/oew/issue/archive (german)
- a web portal on ethics such as http://ethicalsystems.org/content/executive-summary
- any suitable book dealing with ethics or responsibility in the library, e.g. from shelfs WBB112, WBB114, WAA501, WAA772
- a documentary on ethical issues, here is a first list: http://ethify.org/filmtipps
Read/view parts of the chosen media and write a summary of about 2 pages as a blog entry on ethify.org (login literature | literature)
Try to answer the following questions:
- Which values did the author have in mind?
- How can you apply such values in enterprises or organisations?
- Is there a typical ethical dilemma situation? How is it solved?
Points (100 maximum)
20 book summary
60 semester project
10 final presentation
10 additional engagement shown (blog, social media meme, inviting a guest, organising a field trip, ...)
Presence rule: skipping one lesson is ok, maximum 2, for each skipped lesson minus 7 points.
## Lesson 2 - March 10
Applying Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in companies and organisations:
Your semester project: you choose either A or B or C or D.
There will be ongoing coaching through the semester, results to be presented on May 5:
A) Work out a case study of a company (min 5 pages). Find out, how serious they are about CSR. Apply one of the aforementioned methods (ISO 26000, Gemeinwohlbilanz, EthiCheck) or Vorwaerts http://ethify.org/vorwaerts or CSR Leitbild der WKO http://respact.at/leitbild/de/einleitung (last both available in german only)
Structure of the report
- company and its environment
- running projects
- communication about sustainability and resposibility
- how do they deal with the Corona pandemia (2020)
- chosen method (ISO,...)
- describe process of evaluation
B) Write a paper on "Conflict of Interests"
focus on a specific sector (such as software development or data privacy), collect some cases and discuss them, total 8-10 pages
Read here about typical COIs: http://ethicalsystems.org/content/conflicts-interest
COI case studies (from various sectors): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conflict_of_interest#Examples
"Forum Informatiker für Frieden und gesellschaftliche Verantwortung": http://www.fiff.de/themen (german)
"Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility": http://cpsr.org/
Recommended book: Michael Hopkins: Corporate Social Responsibility & International Development WBB114.
Is there a Global Environmental Justice Movement? Written by Joan Martinez Alier, Leah Temper, Daniela Del Bene, and Arnim Scheidel. In: Colloquium Paper No. 16 http://www.iss.nl/fileadmin/ASSETS/iss/Research_and_projects/Research_networks/ICAS/16-ICAS_CP_Martinez_Alier_et_al.pdf
Growth Critique in the 1970s Crisis and Today: Malthusianism, Social Mechanics, and Labor Discipline. Written by Markantonatou, M. New Political Science, 38(1), 23-43, 2016 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07393148.2015.1125117
The proximity of nations to a socially sustainable steady-state economy. Written by O'Neill, D.W.,Journal of Cleaner Production 108, Part A, 1213-1231. 2015 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652615010471
What should be held steady in a steady-state economy? Interpreting Daly's definition at the national level. Written by O'Neill, D.W., Journal of Industrial Ecology 19 (4), 552-563. 2015 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jiec.12224/abstract;jsessionid=8090212F97BEBB3B9927439343C93AFF.f03t04
C) Programming: Create a tool for evaluating companies (similar to ethicheck, holidaycheck or kununu.com). You may choose one of the following value sets and methods:
ISO 26000 http://kwick.me/pq5j prototype available here: http://bethics.neseri.at/ (ask RAS for code, based on ZendFramework), next step: offer as a check with ethify.org, offer list of companies, probably offer as alternative to http://ethify.org/ethicheck
Economy of Common Good (Gemeinwohlbilanz) https://www.ecogood.org/gemeinwohl-bilanz with matrix https://www.ecogood.org/media/filer_public/88/3e/883e7106-2aaa-493c-af80-89bbd38c65fd/gwb-rechner_5_0_2_vollbilanz.xlsx
SD-KPI standard http://kwick.me/pj7w (copyright situation needs to be cleared)
// D) Visualize and discuss in a short paper the historical development of the relation of
// government debt (use government debt to GDP by GDP), money supply (M2)
// Select USA, EU, Austria, Germany and one more country. Here you can export all data: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/indicators
// Done in 2015, see http://ethify.org/content/money
// E) Extend Ethicheck http://ethify.org/ethicheck (requires know-how with Drupal modules) or the Ethify Mozilla Add-On http://ethify.org/rating done, deprecated
F) Visualize World Happyness Report https://s3.amazonaws.com/happiness-report/2019/Chapter2OnlineData.xls or use any othe open data source
Watch out for Events (Spielboden, Saumarkt, ...) that offer talks on Ethical issues or show movies.
## Evening Lessons
Mon 09 MAR 2020 19:00 Naturschau Dornbirn Expert Talk: „Neben uns die Sintflut. Klimawandelanpassung im internationalen Kontext“
Tue 10 MAR 2020 18:00 Spielboden Dornbirn Human Vision Film Festival "Wir retten die Welt" https://www.spielboden.at/veranstaltungen/2020/03_maerz/4th-human-vision-film-festival
## Lesson 3 - March 17
Here are some more details of the methods when evaluating a company / organisation as a semester project in this course:
Case Study with The Economy of the Good (Gemeinwohlökonomie) (A)
When applying this method, _you_ fill out the questionnaires for the company, ideally in close co-operation with a person in the company whom you may ask some details, which are not public available e.g. in a CSR report. Aspects you can not find out may assigned an average value.
Quick Test (german) https://www.ecogood.org/sites/default/files/dateien/page/schnelltest-matrix4.1-final-1.2.pdf German documents: https://www.ecogood.org/services/downloads
Calculator (german): https://www.ecogood.org/download/file/fid/673
English documents are here: https://www.ecogood.org/en/menu-footer/downloads/
Calculator sheet: https://www.ecogood.org/en/download/file/fid/683
Case Study with ISO 26000 (A)
A hard copy can be obtained in the library. You may also find copies on the web (usage violates the ISO copyright). Here is a practical guide, including tables for evaluation: http://responsabilitate-sociala.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/ISO_26000_Practical_Guide_SITE.pdf You may strip down the number of questions, as one of your former colleague has done with an online query tool: http://bethics.neseri.at/
Writing a paper (B)
When looking at dilemma situations, you should apply various viewpoints and angles. A common method in social sciences is to analyze cases and argue with dialectic, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialectic#Hegelian_dialectic With dialectic, you create a thesis, react with an anti-thesis and try to resolve the issue by a synthesis.
### Further input on some CSR aspects
Wilkinson & Picket have written a book: "Spirit Level" https://www.equalitytrust.org.uk/resources/the-spirit-level - the web site has many more resources.
1. Browse through the PowerPoint slides (linked on that page).
2. Watch the TEDx talk of Wilkinson: https://www.ted.com/talks/richard_wilkinson_how_economic_inequality_harms_societies?language=de#t-21751
3. Short reading: How is unequality defined? https://www.equalitytrust.org.uk/how-economic-inequality-defined
4. (optional) Joseph Stiglitz talk at Google on Un-Equality: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=woerUgtufUo
Criticism on CSR Reports
Harmonization of GRI envisaged (german): http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/Wildwuchs-der-Nachhaltigkeitsberichte-mangels-Vorgaben-3153916.html
## Lesson 4 - March 24
Present book summaries (those who already did it, please publish as blog and/or upload in ilias)
Ethics in Media
Journalism, Mass Media, Wikileaks, Social Media campaigns for a better world, Adbusters
Portals that look behind the curtain of media (mostly in Austria)
https://www.mimikama.at/ (checking facts)
schandfleck.or.at until 2017
maschek.org (Comedy with TV voice over)
https://rsf.org/en (Reporters without borders)
What is the difference between investigative journalism and fact check?
An Ethics Case Study on Broken Heart on Facebook
Ethics in IT
Copyright and Moral Right
Text: Grenzfurthner/Schneider: Hacking the Spaces - Hackerspaces heute lesen
Hackerspace in Dornbirn 2007-2011: http://lab.netculture.at/
Code of ethics: http://www.eccouncil.org/Support/code-of-ethics
Guy Fawkes Maske: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/V_wie_Vendetta_%28Comic%29#Guy-Fawkes-Maske
http://www.bigbrotherawards.at/ (yearly ceremony in Vienna)
## Lesson 5 - March 31
Present book summaries
THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS OF CORPORATE ETHICS PROGRAMS - read online https://search.proquest.com/docview/214393328?pq-origsite=summon
Unconditional Basic Income (Bedingungsloses Grundeinkommen) - https://fuereinander.jetzt/
work on your company evaluation
## Lesson 6 - April 21
The Concept of Basic Income
Wikipedia with international examples: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basic_income
Movie Grundeinkommen (Schweiz / Bodensee) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ExRs75isitw
Movie "Free Lunch Society" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qFm1bJKaX-Q (Trailer)
Helicopter Money: https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/oureconomy/helicopter-money-answer-looming-economic-crisis/
The Mechanics of Money
Elektrischer Reporter http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K7OSYKqDTfw&feature=relmfu
Overview slides from runtux: http://www.runtux.com/files/download/money.4.pdf
The role of the FED http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M3KjyhNX5E0&feature=related
Distributed Money - the rise and fall of the FairCoin project http://www.faircoin.world/ and the fair.coop ecosystem.
Joseph Stiglitz on Problems of the GDP: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QUaJMNtW6GA&feature=fvwrel
Joseph Stiglitz presenting his book "Freefall" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tt_JlPCkQSs&hd=1
Bernard Lietaer: Why money needs to change now! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4ThwS1Xln0
## Lesson 7 - April 28
Presentation of case studies (for those who are already done)
Coachings on demand
We will be walking to Radetzkystrasse 3 to visit Suedwind Agentur at 12h00 (leaving FHV at 11:30).
Some more topics, we probably will not have time to dive into:
The Occupy Movement https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupy_movement
The OCCCU money http://occcu.com (FHV students' project)
The Debt Crisis makes us dependent on banks: http://www.occupy.com/article/putting-life-debt-global-rise-citizen-debt-audits
Money as Debt Documentary: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqvKjsIxT_8 (minutes ~3-10)
NGO ATTAC http://www.attac.at/ueber-attac/was-ist-attac.html
Lanegengger TALENTE http://www.allmenda.com/langenegger-talente
Das Experiment von Wörgl http://www.unterguggenberger.org/page.php?id=162&navigation=M182Mw==
## Lesson 8 - May 5
Presentation of case studies and evaluation services.
Recommended Audio Course from MIT on Business Ethics: http://kwick.me/ngqS